A hybrid technique of intracavitary and interstitial brachytherapy for locally advanced cervical cancer: initial outcomes of a single-institute experience.

BMC Cancer 2019 Mar 12;19(1):221. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Department of Radiation Oncology, National Cancer Center Hospital, 5-1-1 Tsukiji, Chuo-ku, Tokyo, 104-0045, Japan.

Background: Locally advanced uterine cervical cancer (LAUCC) with lateral tumor extension may not always be covered adequately by conventional intracavitary brachytherapy (ICBT). Hybrid intracavitary and interstitial brachytherapy (HBT) seems to be an effective alternative by improving anatomy-oriented dose optimisation. The purpose of this study was to report initial clinical result for LAUCC treated by HBT.

Methods: Between January 2012 and November 2015, 42 patients with LAUCC (T1b2-4a) were treated with primary radiation therapy including HBT. Patients with distant metastasis other than para-aortic lymph node spread were excluded from this study. A retrospective analysis was performed for toxicity evaluation and oncological outcome calculation.

Results: Median follow-up was 23.2 months (range 13.2-71.4). Two-year overall survival, progression free survival, and local control rate were 81.6, 54.4, and 80.2%, respectively. Seven patients experienced local recurrence (16.6%). Of those, five were confined to the uterus and two at the parametria. Late adverse events ≥ grade 3 were seen in 3 patients.

Conclusions: HBT can generate favorable local control in tumors which cannot be adequately covered by ICBT.

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Source
https://bmccancer.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12885-
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12885-019-5430-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6417107PMC
March 2019
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