Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2019 Apr 2;257(4):815-820. Epub 2019 Mar 2.
Department of Ophthalmology, Fukuoka University School of Medicine, 7-45-1 Nanakuma, Jonan-ku, Fukuoka, 814-0180, Japan.
Background: We evaluated a novel silver amplification immunochromatography test for rapid detection of adenovirus (AdV) antigen equipped with an automated reader system using tears including conjunctival exudate in patients with adenoviral keratoconjunctivitis.
Methods: Two kinds of immunochromatographic (IC) kits, a conventional IC kit for conjunctival scrapings (control kit) and an IC kit using tears including conjunctival exudate collected by pressing a filter paper strip on the conjunctiva (test kit), were tested on 90 patients who attended Migita Eye Clinic with suspected adenoviral conjunctivitis. The results of the test kits were automatically obtained by a specific reader, which was based on silver amplification immunochromatography system, in 15 min. The detection of AdV was confirmed by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method, and typing was performed by direct sequencing. Comparative dilution assay was carried out with the two kits, using AdV type 3 and type 54 strains.
Results: The sensitivity of the control kit and test kit was 89.8% and 98.3%, respectively. The specificity of both kits was 100%. A significant difference in the sensitivities of the two IC kits against PCR positivity was observed (P < 0.01). A significant correlation was found between AdV DNA copy numbers on a logarithmic scale obtained with the two tests (P < 0.01). The sensitivity of the test kit was 32-64-fold higher than that of the control kit without silver amplification for both AdV types.
Conclusions: These results suggest that this novel amplified AdV detection kit using tears including conjunctival exudate is useful, because it decreases patients' discomfort from specimen collection and its sensitivity is significantly higher than that of the conventional IC kit.