Emerg Radiol 2019 Feb 21. Epub 2019 Feb 21.
McGovern Medical School, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, 6431 Fannin Street, 2.130B, Houston, TX, 77030, USA.
Purpose: To evaluate chest injury patterns in pediatric patients involved in all-terrain vehicle (ATV) accidents.
Methods: Retrospective review of patients 0-18 years old admitted to a level I trauma institute following an ATV-related incident from 2004 to 2013 was performed. Chest injury type, accident mechanism, driver/passenger status, and demographic and clinical data were compared between patients with and without chest injury.
Results: Chest injury was present in 102 (22%) of total 455 patients. The most common chest injuries were pulmonary contusion (61%), pneumothorax (45%), and rib fracture (34%). There were no cardiac, esophageal, or tracheobronchial injuries. Pulmonary lacerations, hemothoraces, and scapular fractures were predominantly not detected on radiography and recognized on CT only (86-92%). Patients with chest injury had longer median hospital stays (3 days vs 2 days, p = 0.0054). There was no significant difference in admission to intensive care after controlling for injury severity scores in patients with chest injury compared to those without (17 vs 9). Eight patients with chest injury died (8%) compared to 2 patients without chest injury (0.6%) (p = 0.0002).
Conclusions: Chest injuries are common in children following ATV accidents and may be a marker of more severe trauma. Increased public awareness of these potentially devastating injuries and continuing safety efforts are needed.