Department of Global Health, University of Washington, Seattle 98195, WA, USA; Center for Global Infectious Disease Research, Seattle Children's Research Institute, Seattle 98101, WA, USA; Department of Pediatrics, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle 98195, WA, USA. Electronic address:
Group B streptococcus (GBS) is a β-hemolytic gram-positive bacterium that colonizes the lower genital tract of approximately 18% of women globally as an asymptomatic member of the gastrointestinal and/or vaginal flora. If established in other host niches, however, GBS is highly pathogenic. During pregnancy, ascending GBS infection from the vagina to the intrauterine space is associated with preterm birth, stillbirth, and fetal injury. In addition, vertical transmission of GBS during or after birth results in life-threatening neonatal infections, including pneumonia, sepsis, and meningitis. Although the mechanisms by which GBS traffics from the lower genital tract to vulnerable host niches are not well understood, recent advances have revealed that many of the same bacterial factors that promote asymptomatic vaginal carriage also facilitate dissemination and virulence. Furthermore, highly pathogenic GBS strains have acquired unique factors that enhance survival in invasive niches. Several host factors also exist that either subdue GBS upon vaginal colonization or alternatively permit invasive infection. This review summarizes the GBS and host factors involved in GBS's state as both an asymptomatic colonizer and an invasive pathogen. Gaining a better understanding of these mechanisms is key to overcoming the challenges associated with vaccine development and identification of novel strategies to mitigate GBS virulence.
We have submitted your request - we will update you on status within the next 48 hours.
Sign up for further access to Scientific Publications and Authors!
What are PubFacts Points?
PubFacts points are rewards to PubFacts members, which allow you to better promote your profile and articles throughout PubFacts.com
How do I earn PubFacts Points?
Each member is given 50 PubFacts points upon signing up. You can earn additional points by completing 100% of your profile, creating and participating in discussions, and sharing other members research.
What can I do with PubFacts Points?
Currently, you can use PubFacts Points to promote and increase readership of your articles.