J Endod 2019 Feb;45(2):205-208
Department of Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey.
Introduction: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of different temperatures of sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) on the cyclic fatigue resistance of the heat-treated file systems.
Methods: The cyclic fatigue resistance of Reciproc 25 (VDW Dental, Munich, Germany), Reciproc Blue R25 (VDW), WaveOne Primary (Dentsply Maillefer, Ballaigues, Switzerland), WaveOne Gold Primary (Dentsply Maillefer), and One Shape (25.06; Micro Mega, Besançon, France) was tested in the following conditions: control (no immersion), immersion in distilled water (DW) at 37°C ± 1°C, immersion in DW at 60°C ± 1°C, immersion in NaOCl at 37°C ± 1°C, and immersion in NaOCl at 60°C ± 1°C. The immersion period was 5 minutes for all conditions. A stainless steel artificial canal with a curvature of 60° and a 5-mm radius was used. The time to failure and fragment lengths were recorded for each instrument, and data were subjected to statistical analysis.
Results: Reciproc Blue showed greater cyclic fatigue resistance in all conditions compared with the other systems (P < .05). Immersion in NaOCl at 60 °C negatively affected all instruments' cyclic fatigue resistance except Reciproc Blue. Immersion in DW at 60 °C increased the cyclic fatigue resistance of Reciproc Blue. Heat-treated files presented higher fatigue resistance than traditional files.
Conclusions: A high temperature of NaOCl affected the cyclic fatigue life of the file systems. Instruments produced with heat treatment presented a longer fatigue life.