Epidemiology and Clinical Features of Peritonsillar Abscess: Is It Related to Seasonal Variations?

Authors:
Nurullah Seyhun
Nurullah Seyhun
Şişli Hamidiye Etfal Training and Research Hospital
Suat Turgut
Suat Turgut
Sisli Etfal Training and Research Hospital
Turkey

Turk Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Dec 1;56(4):221-225. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery, Şişli Hamidiye Eftal Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey.

Objective: Peritonsillar abscess (PTA) is defined as pus accumulation between the tonsillar capsule and constrictor pharyngeal muscle. It can be seen as a complication of acute tonsillitis, but other mechanisms have also been proposed. In this study we aimed to reveal the seasonal variations and epidemiologic features of PTA.

Methods: This is a retrospective, observational study. We reviewed 221 patients, and together with 24 recurrent cases, 245 admissions were reviewed in total. Age, gender, the duration of admission, seasonal and monthly distribution of cases, diabetes and smoking status, white blood cell count, and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels were recorded. Monthly and seasonal incidences of PTA were reviewed to see if there is any association of climate variations and PTA incidence rate. Features associated with the length of hospitalization and recurrence were also analyzed.

Results: A total of 245 PTA cases were admitted to our clinic between June 2014 and June 2017. The highest amount of cases was observed in spring and winter. The C-reactive protein and white blood cell count (WBC) levels were found to be positively correlated with the length of hospitalization. There was no statistically significant correlation with recurrence and smoking, the WBC levels, CRP levels, and length of prior hospitalization. Diabetes status was not found to be associated with length of hospitalization and CRP levels.

Conclusion: The present study reflects the epidemiologic and clinical features of PTA in İstanbul. Our findings showed that seasonal variation was not significant, consistent with previous studies. The highest incidence rate was observed in spring and winter. Length of hospitalization was found to be positively correlated with C-reactive protein and white blood cell count (WBC) levels. Recurrence was not statistically correlated with and smoking, the WBC levels, CRP levels, and length of hospitalization. More studies are recommended to reveal the different epidemiologic factors affecting the incidence of PTA.

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Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5152/tao.2018.3362DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6340326PMC
December 2018
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