Utilisation of antimicrobial photodynamic therapy as an adjunctive tool for open flap debridement in the management of chronic periodontitis: A randomized controlled clinical trial.

Authors:
Miss Reem Hanna, BDS, MSc Oral Surgery (UCL/UK), MSc laser dentistry (UNIGE), PGDipSed (KCL/
Miss Reem Hanna, BDS, MSc Oral Surgery (UCL/UK), MSc laser dentistry (UNIGE), PGDipSed (KCL/
Department of Surgical Sciences and Integrated Diagnostics, University of Genoa,
Professor a.c
Oral surgery and pathology
Genoa | Italy

Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther 2019 Mar 24;25:440-447. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Department of Periodontology, Swargiya Dadasaheb Kalmegh Smruti (S.D.K.S) Dental College and Hospital, Nagpur, Maharashtra, 440007, India. Electronic address:

Background: Antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) has proved to be an effective adjunctive modality with potential benefits in the management of chronic periodontitis. The combination of photothermal and photodynamic effects of Indocyanine green (ICG) dye, when it is photoactivated with a diode laser of 810 nm wavelength, has been well documented in literature.

Aim: This study was conducted to evaluate whether a single session of antimicrobial photodynamic therapy using ICG dye-810 nm diode laser combination can provide a substantial benefit when it is utilised as an adjunct to open flap debridement (OFD) in the management of chronic periodontitis.

Materials And Method: Following thorough scaling and root planing, a comparative split mouth randomized controlled clinical trial was carried out on 20 recruited subjects who provided one test (OFD + aPDT) and one control site (OFD alone) each (total 40 treatment sites). The test group was subjected to a single episode of aPDT using ICG photosensitiser dye (1 mg/ml) activated with 810 nm diode laser. The laser was used in a continuous wave, non-contact mode at a power output of 100 mW applied for 30 s/spot (the total of 4 spots per tooth) and delivered by 400 μm fibre, to provide a fluence (energy density) value of 0.0125 J/cm² per spot and generate a total energy of 3 J. The following clinical parameters were assessed at baseline and 3 months: probing pocket depth (PPD), relative attachment level (RAL), relative gingival margin level (RGML), plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI), and gingival bleeding index (GBI). Intragroup and intergroup comparison was performed using paired t-test and independent samples t-test respectively.

Results: Intragroup comparison revealed a statistically significant improvement from baseline visit (p < 0.05). Intergroup comparison showed a statistically significant improvement in RAL, RGML and GI in the test group (p < 0.05).

Conclusion: Utilisation of ICG dye activated with 810 nm diode laser, which mediated aPDT, has demonstrated surplus clinical improvement following OFD in the management of chronic periodontitis.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pdpdt.2019.01.023DOI Listing
March 2019
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