Obstet Gynecol 2019 Feb;133(2):e128-e150
Although numerous studies have addressed the safety and effectiveness of hormonal contraceptive use in healthy women, data regarding women with underlying medical conditions or other special circumstances are limited. The U.S. Medical Eligibility Criteria (USMEC) for Contraceptive Use, 2016 (), which has been endorsed by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, is a published guideline based on the best available evidence and expert opinion to help health care providers better care for women with chronic medical problems who need contraception. The goal of this Practice Bulletin is to explain how to use the USMEC rating system in clinical practice and to specifically discuss the rationale behind the ratings for various medical conditions. Contraception for women with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (); the use of emergency contraception in women with medical coexisting medical conditions, including obesity, (); and the effect of depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) on bone health () are addressed in other documents from the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists.