The School of Chemistry, The University of Manchester, Manchester, M13 9PL, UK.
Bryostatins with modified C17-C27 fragments have not been widely studied. The synthesis of 20,20-difluorinated analogues was therefore investigated. Such substitution would inhibit dehydration involving the C19-hydroxyl group and stabilise the ring-closed hemiacetal tautomers. Following preliminary studies, allyldifluorination was used to prepare difluorinated alkenols. Oxidation followed by stereoselective Wittig reactions of the resulting α,α-difluorinated ketones gave (E)-α,β-unsaturated esters that were taken through to complete syntheses of 2-hydroxytetrahydropyrans corresponding to C17-C27 fragments of 20,20-difluorinated bryostatin. These compounds showed modest binding to protein kinase Cα isozyme. Attempts were also undertaken to synthesise macrocyclic 20,20-difluorinated analogues. During preliminary studies, allyldifluorination was carried out using a 2-alkyl-3-bromo-1,1-difluoropropene.