Structural and functional asymmetry of medial temporal subregions in unilateral temporal lobe epilepsy: A 7T MRI study.

Hum Brain Mapp 2019 Jun 21;40(8):2390-2398. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Center for Neuroengineering and Therapeutics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is a common neurological disorder affecting the hippocampus and surrounding medial temporal lobe (MTL). Although prior studies have analyzed whole-brain network distortions in TLE patients, the functional network architecture of the MTL at the subregion level has not been examined. In this study, we utilized high-resolution 7T T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and resting-state BOLD-fMRI to characterize volumetric asymmetry and functional network asymmetry of MTL subregions in unilateral medically refractory TLE patients and healthy controls. We subdivided the TLE group into mesial temporal sclerosis patients (TLE-MTS) and MRI-negative nonlesional patients (TLE-NL). Using an automated multi-atlas segmentation pipeline, we delineated 10 MTL subregions per hemisphere for each subject. We found significantly different patterns of volumetric asymmetry between the two groups, with TLE-MTS exhibiting volumetric asymmetry corresponding to decreased volumes ipsilaterally in all hippocampal subfields, and TLE-NL exhibiting no significant volumetric asymmetries other than a mild decrease in whole-hippocampal volume ipsilaterally. We also found significantly different patterns of functional network asymmetry in the CA1 subfield and whole hippocampus, with TLE-NL patients exhibiting asymmetry corresponding to increased connectivity ipsilaterally and TLE-MTS patients exhibiting asymmetry corresponding to decreased connectivity ipsilaterally. Our findings provide initial evidence that functional neuroimaging-based network properties within the MTL can distinguish between TLE subtypes. High-resolution MRI has potential to improve localization of underlying brain network disruptions in TLE patients who are candidates for surgical resection.

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/hbm.24530
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hbm.24530DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6497534PMC
June 2019
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