Kobe J Med Sci 2018 Oct 15;64(3):E84-E92. Epub 2018 Oct 15.
Center of Health Outcomes Research and Therapeutic Safety (Cohorts), School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Phayao, Phayao, Thailand.
This study was to assess the impact of different colors of coffee fruit (green, yellow and red) on adipogenesis and/or lipolysis using 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Characterization of chemical constituents in different colors of coffee fruit extracts was determined by ESI-Q-TOF-MS. The cytotoxicity of the extracts in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes were evaluated by MTT assay. Oil-red O staining and amount of glycerol released in 3T3-L1 adipocytes were measured for lipid accumulation and lipolysis activity. All coffee fruit extracts displayed similar chromatographic profiles by chlorogenic acid > caffeoylquinic acid > caffeic acid. Different colors of raw coffee fruit possessed inhibitory adipogenesis activity in 3T3-L1 adipocytes, especially CRD decreased lipid accumulation approximately 47%. Furthermore, all extracts except CYF and their major compounds (malic, quinic, and chlorogenic acid) increased glycerol release. Our data suggest that different colors of coffee fruit extract have possessed anti-adipogenic and lipolytic properties and may contribute to the anti-obesity effects.