Associations of Objectively Measured Vigorous Physical Activity With Body Composition, Cardiorespiratory Fitness, and Cardiometabolic Health in Youth: A Review.

Authors:
Morgan H Gralla
Morgan H Gralla
College of Health Professions
Samantha M McDonald
Samantha M McDonald
University of South Carolina
Charity Breneman
Charity Breneman
University of South Carolina School of Public Health
Michael W Beets
Michael W Beets
University of South Carolina
United States
Dr. Justin B Moore, PhD, MS
Dr. Justin B Moore, PhD, MS
Wake Forest School of Medicine
Associate Professor
Implementation Science, Epidemiology
Winston-Salem, NC | United States

Am J Lifestyle Med 2019 Jan-Feb;13(1):61-97. Epub 2016 Jan 6.

Department of Occupational Therapy and Occupational Science, College of Health Professions, Towson University, Towson, Maryland (MHG).

. Increasing evidence suggests that vigorous physical activity (VPA) in youth may yield greater health benefits than moderate (MPA) or moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). The purpose of this review was to assess the relationship between PA intensity and body composition, cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), and cardiometabolic (CM) biomarkers in youth. . We conducted a systematic review of observational studies examining PA intensity and selected health outcomes in youth aged 6 to 18 years. Forty-five articles were selected for final review. . VPA was more strongly associated with reduced body fat and central adiposity compared with MPA and/or MVPA. Additionally, VPA was more strongly associated with increased CRF when compared with lower intensities. Findings were inconclusive between all PA intensity levels and CM biomarkers, and several significant relationships observed for VPA were attenuated when controlling for CRF. . A potential VPA dose is identified as yielding favorable health benefits in adiposity and fitness. While CM biomarkers were not consistently associated with PA intensity level, the literature suggests VPA may yield health benefits above those received from MPA for reduced adiposity and improved CRF. This review highlights the need for longitudinal observational and experimental studies to determine optimal VPA dose for CM health in youth.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1559827615624417DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6311603PMC

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January 2016
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References

(Supplied by CrossRef)
Article in NCHS Data Brief
Fakhouri T et al.
NCHS Data Brief 2014

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