Electrochemically activated spinel manganese oxide for rechargeable aqueous aluminum battery.

Nat Commun 2019 01 8;10(1):73. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Lemont, IL, 60439, USA.

Aluminum is a naturally abundant, trivalent charge carrier with high theoretical specific capacity and volumetric energy density, rendering aluminum-ion batteries a technology of choice for future large-scale energy storage. However, the frequent collapse of the host structure of the cathode materials and sluggish kinetics of aluminum ion diffusion have thus far hampered the realization of practical battery devices. Here, we synthesize AlMnO·nHO by an in-situ electrochemical transformation reaction to be used as a cathode material for an aluminum-ion battery with a configuration of Al/Al(OTF)-HO/AlMnO·nHO. This cell is not only based on aqueous electrolyte chemistry but also delivers a high specific capacity of 467 mAh g and a record high energy density of 481 Wh kg. The high safety of aqueous electrolyte, facile cell assembly and the low cost of materials suggest that this aqueous aluminum-ion battery holds promise for large-scale energy applications.

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Source
http://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-07980-7
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-07980-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6325165PMC
January 2019
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