Current practices in meta-regression in psychology, education, and medicine.

Authors:
Elizabeth Tipton
Elizabeth Tipton
Northwestern University
United States
James E Pustejovsky
James E Pustejovsky
University of California
United States
Hedyeh Ahmadi
Hedyeh Ahmadi
Teachers College

Res Synth Methods 2019 Jan 7. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Human Development Department, Teachers College, Columbia University, New York, New York, USA.

Having surveyed the history and methods of meta-regression in a previous paper, in this paper, we review which and how meta-regression methods are applied in recent research syntheses. To do so, we reviewed studies published in 2016 across four leading research synthesis journals: Psychological Bulletin, the Journal of Applied Psychology, Review of Educational Research, and the Cochrane Library. We find that the best practices defined in the previous review are rarely carried out in practice. In light of the identified discrepancies, we consider how to move forward, first by identifying areas where further methods development is needed to address persistent problems in the field and second by discussing how to more effectively disseminate points of methodological consensus.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jrsm.1339DOI Listing
January 2019
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