Prevalence and associated factors of and soil transmitted helminth infections among pregnant women in Osun state, Nigeria.

Authors:
Olusola Ojurongbe
Olusola Ojurongbe
Ladoke Akintola University of Technology
Nigeria
Patricia Nkem Okorie
Patricia Nkem Okorie
University of Ibadan
Nigeria
Taiwo Adetola Ojurongbe
Taiwo Adetola Ojurongbe
Osun State University
Nigeria
Victor Olatunji Mabayoje
Victor Olatunji Mabayoje
College of Health Sciences
Norfolk | United States
Olugbenga Adekunle Olowe
Olugbenga Adekunle Olowe
Ladoke Akintola University of Technology
Nigeria
Oluwaseyi Adegboyega Adeyeba
Oluwaseyi Adegboyega Adeyeba
Ladoke Akintola University of Technology
Nigeria

Afr Health Sci 2018 Sep;18(3):542-551

Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, PMB 4400, Osogbo, Nigeria.

Background: and soil transmitted helminth (STHs) infection are widespread in sub-Sahara Africa, where co-infection is also common. This study assessed the prevalence of these infections and their risk factors among pregnant women in Osogbo, Nigeria.

Methods: A total of 200 pregnant women attending the antenatal clinic were recruited. was detected using thick and thin film methods, while formol ether concentration method was used for STHs detection. A questionnaire was used to investigate the possible risk factors associated with acquisition of malaria and helminth infections.

Results: The prevalence of , STHs and their co-infection was 29.5%, 12% and 5% respectively. , STHs and + STHs co-infection was significantly higher in primigravidae (52.5% vs 58.3% vs 80%) than in secongravidae (18.6% vs 25.0% vs 20%) and multigravidae (28.8% vs 16.7% vs 0%) (p=0.02). Prevalence associated factors identified for was age (p=0.0001) while gravidity (p=0.02) was identified for + STHs co-infection.

Conclusion: High prevalence of and helminth infections was observed among the pregnant women with primigravidae being the most susceptible to co-infection. There is an urgent need to implement an effective malaria and STHs preventive method for this high risk population.

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Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v18i3.11DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6307031PMC
September 2018
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