Westerdijk Fungal Biodiversity Institute, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
Trichophyton schoenleinii is an anthropophilic dermatophyte usually causing tinea favosa. Only few studies have provided data on molecular epidemiology and antifungal profiles of this fungus due to its limited prevalence after 1950s. Forty-nine strains from Asia (n = 27), Africa (n = 10), Europe (n = 10) and from unknown regions (n = 2) were analysed with amplified fragment length polymorphism fingerprinting (AFLP) to reveal intraspecific genetic diversity in this dataset. Amplified fragment length polymorphism fingerprinting genotyping revealed five clusters which did not correspond to geographic origins or clinical characteristics. Additionally, in vitro antifungal susceptibility to seven antifungals was provided for all strains. Terbinafine, ketoconazole, miconazole and itraconazole proved to be the most effective drugs, followed by griseofulvin. No correlation between genotypes and differences in antifungal susceptibility was observed. It is concluded that the AFLP groups are lineages within a single species.
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