Analysis of the factors influencing the outcome of bleeding of the lower digestive tract. A report of 15 consecutives cases.

Authors:
Umberto Robustelli
Umberto Robustelli
A.O.R.N. "A. Cardarelli" Hospital
Massimo Antropoli
Massimo Antropoli
UOC di Chirurgia Generale e Oncologica AO G. Rummo Dipartimento di Chirurgia
Alessandro Esposito
Alessandro Esposito
University of Cambridge

Ann Ital Chir 2018 ;89:212-216

The authors present a series of 15 patients with lower gastrointestinal bleeding. 11 (73%) out of 15 patients, were directly subjected to surgery, and 4 (37%) attempted to stop hemorrhage with angiography. In the group of patients undergoing surgery we had a mortality of 1 out of 12 (8%). In the group of patients undergoing embolization, two of four died with 50% of mortality. All patients undergoing surgery had received from a minimum of two to a maximum of four blood bags before surgery. 8 out of 12 patients (67%) received more than two bags. In 10 (67%) out of 15 patients TC scan preoperatively identified the site of bleeding. 10 cases out of 15 patients was evident Anticoagulant or antiplatelet use. In the group of patients undergoing surgical treatment with haemorrhage stopping 60% (6 out of 10) did not take these drugs. No patient had significant alterations to the INR value. Patients undergoing Surgical treatment without haemorrhage stopping had an average age significantly higher than the group with haemorrhage stopping (84 aa vs 54.2). In this group CT scan had identified the source of bleeding in one patient on two (50%) and all patients In the group of deceased patients, the average age was 78 aa, the tac had never identified the site of bleeding, and all had antiaggregates. In the group of deceased patients, the average age was 78 aa, CT scan had never identified the site of bleeding, and all In the group of deceased patients, the average age was 78 aa, the tac had never identified the site of bleeding, and all had antiaggregates KEY WORDS: Lower gastrointestinal bleeding, Prognostic factors, Surgical management.

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January 2018
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