Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi 2018 May;30(5):567-570
Department of Human Parasitology, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430071, China.
Objective: To investigate the infection status of intestinal nematodes and their risk factors in rural residents of Jiangxia District, Wuhan City, so as to provide the reference for the establishment of targeted prevention and control measures.
Methods: According to the requirements of cross-sectional study of the national human key parasitic diseases, the residents in Shanpo Sub-district, Jiangxia District were randomly selected as the objects for the investigation of the infection status of , hookworm and . A questionnaire survey was performed simultaneously.
Results: Totally 236 residents received the stool tests, and only the hookworm eggs were found, with an infection rate of 7.63% (18 cases). The survey of intestinal parasitic infection status and their risk factors in 600 residents found 397 cases of suspected roundworm infection, 355 cases of suspected hookworm larvae dermatitis, 295 cases of suspected hookworm infection, and 145 cases of suspected whipworm infection, respectively. The Logistic regression analysis found that the risk factors of suspected roundworm infection included not always washing hands after toilet, using manure and fertilizer, and not often wearing shoes when doing farm work; the protective factors included knowing how roundworm infection was gained, and not using fresh dung for fertilization. The risk factors of suspected hookworm infection included using well water and pond water as the source of drinking water, eating food off the ground, using manure and fertilizers, and not washing when there was only one cutting board, and its protective factors included using tap water and well water as drinking water source, knowing how the roundworm infection was gained, and sometimes or not suing fresh feces for fertilization. The risk factors for suspected whipworm infection included eating food off the ground.
Conclusions: The intestinal parasite prevalence in the residents of the Shanpo Sub-district, Jiangxia District in Wuhan City is relatively high, and some risk factors associated with their infection indeed exist. Therefore, the regional government and health department should strengthen the health education to improve the residents' knowledge about parasitic diseases and selfprotection awareness. At the same time, the residents should take physical examination regularly and take necessary deworming treatment to effectively control the prevalence and spread of intestinal parasitic diseases.
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