Asian J Endosc Surg 2018 Dec 18. Epub 2018 Dec 18.
Department of Pediatric Surgery, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Suita, Japan.
Introduction: This study aimed to compare the safety and efficacy of laparoscopic percutaneous extraperitoneal closure (LPEC) and conventional open repair (OR) for inguinal hernia in infants younger than 6 months.
Methods: The medical records of 202 patients who had undergone LPEC or OR at an age younger than 6 months between 2010 and 2016 were reviewed. Patient characteristics and surgical outcomes were compared between LPEC and OR.
Results: In total, there were 120 LPEC (76 males, 44 females) and 83 OR (76 males, 7 females) cases. There were no differences in median age, median bodyweight, and presence of incarceration between the two groups (LPEC group: 3 months (range, 0-5 months), 5.7 kg (range, 2.3-9.6 kg), and 13.3%; OR group: 3 months (range, 1-5 months), 5.5 kg (range, 2.1-9.0 kg), and 12.0%). LPEC was completed in all cases without any intraoperative complications or open conversions. In the LPEC group, 60.0% of unilateral hernia patients had a contralateral patent processus vaginalis and underwent prophylactic closure. The incidence of metachronous contralateral hernia was significantly lower in the LPEC group than in the OR group (0% vs 10.0%, P < 0.01). Operative time was significantly shorter during LPEC than during OR (P < 0.01) for male patients. The recurrence rate was lower in the LPEC group (0.83%) than in the OR group (2.4%), but the difference was not significant.
Conclusion: The present data indicate that LPEC is comparable to OR in terms of safety and efficacy in infants younger than 6 months. Moreover, among the LPEC group, there were fewer incidences of metachronous contralateral hernia, and the procedure had a shorter operative time.
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