Deep-learning based surface region selection for deep inspiration breath hold (DIBH) monitoring in left breast cancer radiotherapy.

Phys Med Biol 2018 Dec 12;63(24):245013. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

School of Biomedical Engineering, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510515, People's Republic of China. Department of Radiation Oncology, The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390, United States of America.

Deep inspiration breath hold (DIBH) with surface supervising is a common technique for cardiac dose reduction in left breast cancer radiotherapy. Surface supervision accuracy relies on the characteristics of surface region. In this study, a convolutional neural network (CNN) based automatic region-of-interest (ROI) selection method was proposed to select an optimal surface ROI for DIBH surface monitoring. The curvature entropy and the normal of each vertex on the breast cancer patient surface were calculated and formed as representative maps for ROI selection learning. 900 ROIs were randomly extracted from each patient's surface representative map, and the corresponding rigid ROI registration errors (REs) were calculated. The VGG-16 (a 16-layer network structure developed by Visual Geometry Group(VGG) from University of Oxford) pre-trained on a large natural image database ImageNet were fine-tuned using 27 thousand extracted ROIs and the corresponding REs from thirty patients. The RE prediction accuracy of the trained model was validated on additional ten patients. Satisfactory RE predictive accuracies were achieved with the root mean square error (RMSE)/mean absolute error (MAE) smaller than 1 mm/0.7 mm in translations and 0.45°/0.35° in rotations, respectively. The REs of the model selected ROIs on ten testing cases is close to the minimal predicted RE with mean RE differences  <1 mm and  <0.5° for translation and rotation, respectively. The proposed RE predictive model can be utilized for selecting a quasi-optimal ROI in left breast cancer DIBH radiotherapy (DIBH-RT).

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1361-6560/aaf0d6DOI Listing
December 2018
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