Discovery of common and rare genetic risk variants for colorectal cancer.

Authors:
Jeroen R Huyghe Stephanie A Bien Tabitha A Harrison Hyun Min Kang Sai Chen Stephanie L Schmit David V Conti Conghui Qu Jihyoun Jeon Christopher K Edlund Peyton Greenside Michael Wainberg Fredrick R Schumacher Joshua D Smith David M Levine Sarah C Nelson Nasa A Sinnott-Armstrong Demetrius Albanes M Henar Alonso Kristin Anderson Coral Arnau-Collell Volker Arndt Christina Bamia Barbara L Banbury John A Baron Sonja I Berndt Stéphane Bézieau D Timothy Bishop Juergen Boehm Heiner Boeing Hermann Brenner Stefanie Brezina Stephan Buch Daniel D Buchanan Andrea Burnett-Hartman Katja Butterbach Bette J Caan Peter T Campbell Christopher S Carlson Sergi Castellví-Bel Andrew T Chan Jenny Chang-Claude Stephen J Chanock Maria-Dolores Chirlaque Sang Hee Cho Charles M Connolly Amanda J Cross Katarina Cuk Keith R Curtis Albert de la Chapelle Kimberly F Doheny David Duggan Douglas F Easton Sjoerd G Elias Faye Elliott Dallas R English Edith J M Feskens Jane C Figueiredo Rocky Fischer Liesel M FitzGerald David Forman Manish Gala Steven Gallinger W James Gauderman Graham G Giles Elizabeth Gillanders Jian Gong Phyllis J Goodman William M Grady John S Grove Andrea Gsur Marc J Gunter Robert W Haile Jochen Hampe Heather Hampel Sophia Harlid Richard B Hayes Philipp Hofer Michael Hoffmeister John L Hopper Wan-Ling Hsu Wen-Yi Huang Thomas J Hudson David J Hunter Gemma Ibañez-Sanz Gregory E Idos Roxann Ingersoll Rebecca D Jackson Eric J Jacobs Mark A Jenkins Amit D Joshi Corinne E Joshu Temitope O Keku Timothy J Key Hyeong Rok Kim Emiko Kobayashi Laurence N Kolonel Charles Kooperberg Tilman Kühn Sébastien Küry Sun-Seog Kweon Susanna C Larsson Cecelia A Laurie Loic Le Marchand Suzanne M Leal Soo Chin Lee Flavio Lejbkowicz Mathieu Lemire Christopher I Li Li Li Wolfgang Lieb Yi Lin Annika Lindblom Noralane M Lindor Hua Ling Tin L Louie Satu Männistö Sanford D Markowitz Vicente Martín Giovanna Masala Caroline E McNeil Marilena Melas Roger L Milne Lorena Moreno Neil Murphy Robin Myte Alessio Naccarati Polly A Newcomb Kenneth Offit Shuji Ogino N Charlotte Onland-Moret Barbara Pardini Patrick S Parfrey Rachel Pearlman Vittorio Perduca Paul D P Pharoah Mila Pinchev Elizabeth A Platz Ross L Prentice Elizabeth Pugh Leon Raskin Gad Rennert Hedy S Rennert Elio Riboli Miguel Rodríguez-Barranco Jane Romm Lori C Sakoda Clemens Schafmayer Robert E Schoen Daniela Seminara Mitul Shah Tameka Shelford Min-Ho Shin Katerina Shulman Sabina Sieri Martha L Slattery Melissa C Southey Zsofia K Stadler Christa Stegmaier Yu-Ru Su Catherine M Tangen Stephen N Thibodeau Duncan C Thomas Sushma S Thomas Amanda E Toland Antonia Trichopoulou Cornelia M Ulrich David J Van Den Berg Franzel J B van Duijnhoven Bethany Van Guelpen Henk van Kranen Joseph Vijai Kala Visvanathan Pavel Vodicka Ludmila Vodickova Veronika Vymetalkova Korbinian Weigl Stephanie J Weinstein Emily White Aung Ko Win C Roland Wolf Alicja Wolk Michael O Woods Anna H Wu Syed H Zaidi Brent W Zanke Qing Zhang Wei Zheng Peter C Scacheri John D Potter Michael C Bassik Anshul Kundaje Graham Casey Victor Moreno Goncalo R Abecasis Deborah A Nickerson Stephen B Gruber Li Hsu Ulrike Peters

Nat Genet 2019 01 3;51(1):76-87. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Public Health Sciences Division, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA, USA.

To further dissect the genetic architecture of colorectal cancer (CRC), we performed whole-genome sequencing of 1,439 cases and 720 controls, imputed discovered sequence variants and Haplotype Reference Consortium panel variants into genome-wide association study data, and tested for association in 34,869 cases and 29,051 controls. Findings were followed up in an additional 23,262 cases and 38,296 controls. We discovered a strongly protective 0.3% frequency variant signal at CHD1. In a combined meta-analysis of 125,478 individuals, we identified 40 new independent signals at P < 5 × 10, bringing the number of known independent signals for CRC to ~100. New signals implicate lower-frequency variants, Krüppel-like factors, Hedgehog signaling, Hippo-YAP signaling, long noncoding RNAs and somatic drivers, and support a role for immune function. Heritability analyses suggest that CRC risk is highly polygenic, and larger, more comprehensive studies enabling rare variant analysis will improve understanding of biology underlying this risk and influence personalized screening strategies and drug development.

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Source
http://www.nature.com/articles/s41588-018-0286-6
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41588-018-0286-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6358437PMC
January 2019
48 Reads
29.352 Impact Factor

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