Infectious and Inflammatory Diseases of the Urinary Tract: Role of MR Imaging.

Authors:
Joao Cruz
Joao Cruz
KtedoGen Srl
Sergio Duarte
Sergio Duarte
The Dumont-UCLA Transplant Center
Adalgisa Guerra
Adalgisa Guerra
Hospital da Luz
Telhado | Portugal
Dr. Miguel Ramalho, MD
Dr. Miguel Ramalho, MD
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Radiology Instructor
Radiology
Chapel Hill, NC | United States

Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am 2019 Feb 29;27(1):59-75. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Department of Radiology, Hospital Garcia de Orta, Av. Torrado da Silva, 2805-267 Almada, Portugal; Department of Radiology, Hospital da Luz, Estrada Nacional 10, km 37, Setúbal 2900-722, Portugal. Electronic address:

Urinary tract infection (UTI) is among the most common of bacterial infections. Imaging studies are only required in cases of complicated UTIs. Ultrasound remains the first-line imaging method; however, CT is the gold standard for evaluation of UTIs. MR imaging's improved contrast resolution and absence of ionizing radiation may recommend its use for assessment of lower UTIs. Furthermore, MR imaging performs with diagnostic accuracy at least similar to CT in complicated UTIs, except for the identification of calculi and emphysematous pyelonephritis. In this article, the role of MR imaging for the evaluation of infectious and inflammatory disease processes of the urinary tract is reviewed.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mric.2018.09.001DOI Listing
February 2019
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