Biol Blood Marrow Transplant 2018 11 3;24(11):2211-2215. Epub 2018 Jul 3.
Department of Medicine, Division of Medical Oncology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington; Clinical Research Division, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington. Electronic address:
Nonmyeloablative allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) can provide prolonged remissions in patients with advanced B cell lymphoma (B-NHL) via the graft-versus-lymphoma effect, although inferior results are seen in patients with chemoresistant, bulky, or aggressive disease. Radioimmunotherapy can safely induce responses in B-NHL with minimal nonhematologic toxicity. Initial results of Y-ibritumomab tiuxetan-based allografting demonstrated early safety and disease control in nonremission patients but with short follow-up. Here we report the long-term outcomes of patients treated on this study with specific emphasis on patients achieving early remissions. Eleven of 40 patients were alive at a median follow-up of 9 years (range, 5.3 to 10.2). Fourteen (35%) deaths were due to disease progression and 14 (35%) deaths to complications from HCT. One patient died of a Merkel cell carcinoma. The 5-year overall and progression-free survival for patients with indolent B-NHL was 40% and 27.5%, respectively. None of the patients with diffuse large B cell lymphoma was a long-term disease-free survivor regardless of early remission status. Y-ibritumomab tiuxetan-based allografting represents a viable option in patients with indolent histologies. Improved strategies are needed for aggressive B-NHL. The original trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as NCT00119392.