J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab 2018 Dec;31(12):1343-1347
Department of Pediatrics, University of Torino, Torino, Italy.
Background With conventional enzyme replacement therapy (ERT), the clinical prognosis of classic Pompe disease is often unsatisfactory. About half the patients treated with ERT at the recommended dosage (20 mg/kg every other week) require ventilatory support within the first years of life. The heterogeneous response to ERT has been related to different factors, including cross-reactive immunologic material (CRIM) status and age at ERT initiation. Early treatment with a standard dosage of ERT improves clinical outcome and avoids mechanical ventilation in CRIM-positive patients detected at newborn screening, not preventing persistent hyperCKemia and muscle weakness. Later treatment with higher dosages of ERT was shown to provide similar benefits in CRIM-positive patients. Here, we report the clinical and biochemical outcomes of six patients with classic Pompe disease treated with different dosages of alglucosidase alpha at different ages. Methods A standard dosage of ERT was employed in five patients, sharing a poor prognosis after transient clinical improvements, even in the case of early treatment (four died at 22.2±11.9 months and one survived but required tracheostomy and gastrostomy). Early higher dosage of alglucosidase alpha (40 mg/kg/week from 14 days) was administered to one CRIM-positive patient with fetal persistent bradycardia. Results Early higher dosage of alclucosidase alpha not only achieved normal neuromotor development but also the full correction of biochemical markers of muscle damage until 3 years of age, an unmet target with the standard dosage. Speech delay was not prevented by this approach. Conclusions We suggest that early treatment with a higher dosage of ERT may further improve clinical prognosis in classic Pompe disease.