Is splint therapy required after arthrocentesis to improve outcome in the management of temporomandibular joint disorders? A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Authors:
Shakil Ahmed Nagori
Shakil Ahmed Nagori
All India Institute of Medical Sciences
India
Dr Anson Jose, MDS
Dr Anson Jose, MDS
All India Institute of Medical Sciences
Oral and maxillofacial surgeon
Oral and maxillofacial surgery
New delhi, new delhi | India
Ajoy Roychoudhury
Ajoy Roychoudhury
All India Institute of Medical Sciences
India

Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol 2019 Feb 5;127(2):97-105. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Objective: The aim of this systematic review was to assess the efficacy of splint therapy in improving outcomes after arthrocentesis for the management of temporomandibular joint disorders.

Study Design: A comprehensive electronic search was conducted to search for randomized control trials, controlled clinical trials, and retrospective studies comparing arthrocentesis and splint therapy with arthrocentesis alone.

Results: Six studies were included in this review. There was no statistical significant difference in pain reduction with or without the use of splint after arthrocentesis at 1 month (fixed: weighted mean difference [WMD] = -0.01; 95% confidence interval [CI] -0.46 to 0.44; P = .96; I = 0%) and 6 months (fixed: WMD = -0.08; 95% CI -0.27 to 0.42; P = .66; I = 0%). Similarly, no difference was seen in improvement in maximal mouth opening at 1 month (fixed: WMD = -0.16; 95% CI -1.75 to 1.42; P = .84; I = 44%), and 6 months (fixed: WMD = -0.83; 95% CI -0.52 to 2.18; P = .23; I = 0%).

Conclusions: Within the limitation of this review, there is some evidence that splint therapy may not improve outcomes after arthrocentesis. There is a need for well-designed RCTs evaluating the additional benefit of splint therapy after arthrocentesis for managing temporomandibular joint disorders.

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Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S22124403183119
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.oooo.2018.09.010DOI Listing
February 2019
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