Molecules 2018 Oct 24;23(11). Epub 2018 Oct 24.
Department of Immunology, School of Medicine, Keimyung University, 2800 Dalgubeoldaero, Dalseo-Gu, Daegu 704-701, Korea.
We previously reported that PP242 (dual inhibitor of mTORC1/2) plus curcumin induced apoptotic cell death through lysosomal membrane permeabilization (LMP)-mediated autophagy. However, the relationship between ER stress and apoptotic cell death by combined PP242 and curcumin treatment remains unknown. In the present study, we found that combined PP242 and curcumin treatment induced cytosolic Ca release and ER stress. Interestingly, pretreatment with the chemical chaperones (TUDCA and 4-PBA) and knockdown of CHOP and ATF4 by siRNA did not abolish combined treatment-induced apoptosis in renal carcinoma cells. These results suggest that combined treatment with mTORC1/2 inhibitor and curcumin induces ER stress which is not essential for apoptotic cell death. Furthermore, overexpression of HSP70 significantly inhibited PP242 plus curcumin-induced LMP and apoptosis, but the protective effect was abolished by K77R mutation of acetylation site of HSP70. Taken together, our results reveal that regulation of HSP70 through K77 acetylation plays role in combined PP242 and curcumin treatment-induced apoptosis.