Weekend hospital discharge is associated with suboptimal care and outcomes: An observational Australian Stroke Clinical Registry study.

Int J Stroke 2019 06 22;14(4):430-438. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

1 Stroke and Ageing Research, School of Clinical Sciences at Monash Health, Monash University, Clayton, Australia.

Background: The quality of stroke care may diminish on weekends.

Aims: We aimed to compare the quality of care and outcomes for patients with stroke/transient ischemic attack discharged on weekdays compared with those discharged on weekends.

Methods: Data from the Australian Stroke Clinical Registry from January 2010 to December 2015 ( = 45 hospitals) were analyzed. Differences in processes of care by the timing of discharge are described. Multilevel regression and survival analyses (up to 180 days postevent) were undertaken.

Results: Among 30,649 registrants, 2621 (8.6%) were discharged on weekends (55% male; median age 74 years). Compared to those discharged on weekdays, patients discharged on weekends were more often patients with a transient ischemic attack (weekend 35% vs. 19%;  < 0.001) but were less often treated in a stroke unit (69% vs. 81%;  < 0.001), prescribed antihypertensive medication at discharge (65% vs. 71%;  < 0.001) or received a care plan if discharged to the community (47% vs. 53%;  < 0.001). After accounting for patient characteristics and clustering by hospital, patients discharged on weekends had a 1 day shorter length of stay (coefficient = -1.31, 95% confidence interval [CI] = -1.52, -1.10), were less often discharged to inpatient rehabilitation (aOR = 0.39, 95% CI = 0.34, 0.44) and had a greater hazard of death within 180 days (hazard ratio = 1.22, 95% CI = 1.04, 1.42) than those discharged on weekdays.

Conclusions: Patients with stroke/transient ischemic attack discharged on weekends were more likely to receive suboptimal care and have higher long-term mortality. High quality of stroke care should be consistent irrespective of the timing of hospital discharge.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1747493018806165DOI Listing
June 2019
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References

(Supplied by CrossRef)

Barer D et al.
Age Ageing 2017

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