Noninfectious uveitis in the Asia-Pacific region.

Eye (Lond) 2019 01 15;33(1):66-77. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

Department of Ophthalmology, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.

Uveitis is a sight-threatening disease. Up to 35% of patients may have impaired vision. Inflammation of the uvea tissue has more than 60 etiologies. Previous reports have shown that 20-40% of uveitis cases were noninfectious. Some of them may be associated with systemic rheumatological and autoimmune diseases but some may affect the eyes only. The epidemiology and clinical situations of some specific uveitis entities vary worldwide because they are influenced by genetic, ethnic, environmental, and socioeconomic factors. The Asia-Pacific region comprises more than 30 countries. Epidemiology and patterns of uveitis vary greatly in this region. However, some uveitis entities, such as Behcet's disease, sarcoidosis, and Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease, are more common in this region. Many studies on the epidemiology, risk factors, and immune pathogenesis of this disease have been conducted. In this article, we review the epidemiology of noninfectious uveitis and special situations of these three uveitis entities in the Asia-Pacific region.

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Source
http://www.nature.com/articles/s41433-018-0223-z
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41433-018-0223-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6328561PMC
January 2019
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