Mol Ther 2018 12 13;26(12):2751-2765. Epub 2018 Sep 13.
Central Laboratory for Medical Research, Shanghai Tenth People's Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200072, China. Electronic address:
Increasing evidence indicates that tumor-initiating cells (TICs) are responsible for the occurrence, development, recurrence, and development of the drug resistance of cancer. MicroRNA (miRNA) plays a significant functional role by directly regulating targets of TIC-triggered non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), but little is known about the function of the miR-30 family in TICs. In this study, we found the miR-30 family to be downregulated during the spheroid formation of NSCLC cells, and patients with lower miR-30a/c expression had shorter overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS). Moreover, transmembrane 4 super family member 1 (TM4SF1) was confirmed to be a direct target of miR-30a/c. Concomitant low expression of miR-30a/c and high expression of TM4SF1 correlated with a shorter median OS and PFS in NSCLC patients. miR-30a/c significantly inhibited stem-like characteristics in vitro and in vivo via suppression of its target gene TM4SF1, and then it inhibited the activity of the mTOR/AKT-signaling pathway. Thus, our data provide the first evidence that TM4SF1 is a direct target of miR-30a/c and miR-30a/c inhibits the stemness and proliferation of NSCLC cells by targeting TM4SF1, suggesting that miR-30a/c and TM4SF1 may be useful as tumor biomarkers for the diagnosis and treatment of NSCLC patients.