Infection-Induced Peroxisome Biogenesis Is a Metabolic Strategy for Herpesvirus Replication.

Authors:
Yutaka Hashimoto
Yutaka Hashimoto
University of Yamanashi
Japan
Laura A Murray
Laura A Murray
Allegheny General Hospital
United States
Olga Vitek
Olga Vitek
Purdue University
West Lafayette | United States
Ileana M Cristea
Ileana M Cristea
Princeton University
United States

Cell Host Microbe 2018 Oct 27;24(4):526-541.e7. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

Department of Molecular Biology, Princeton University, Lewis Thomas Laboratory, Washington Road, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA. Electronic address:

Viral proteins have evolved to target cellular organelles and usurp their functions for virus replication. Despite the knowledge of these critical functions for several organelles, little is known about peroxisomes during infection. Peroxisomes are primarily metabolic organelles with important functions in lipid metabolism. Here, we discovered that the enveloped viruses human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) and herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) induce the biogenesis of and unique morphological changes to peroxisomes to support their replication. Targeted proteomic quantification revealed a global virus-induced upregulation of peroxisomal proteins. Mathematical modeling and microscopy structural analysis show that infection triggers peroxisome growth and fission, leading to increased peroxisome numbers and irregular disc-like structures. HCMV-induced peroxisome biogenesis increased the phospholipid plasmalogen, thereby enhancing virus production. Peroxisome regulation and dependence were not observed for the non-enveloped adenovirus. Our findings uncover a role of peroxisomes in viral pathogenesis, with likely implications for multiple enveloped viruses.

Abstract Video

Herpesvirus Infection Increases Peroxisome Numbers


Source: Cell Press

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Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S19313128183048
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chom.2018.09.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6195127PMC

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October 2018
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