Leg Med (Tokyo) 2018 Nov 6;35:44-49. Epub 2018 Aug 6.
Department of Legal Medicine, Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, 1-20-1 Handayama, Higashi-ku, Hamamatsu 431-3192, Japan.
We report a case of intoxication with a mixture of three synthetic cannabinoids and a synthetic cathinone, which have been disclosed by a highly sensitive progressing technology. A man was found dead, and his forensic autopsy was performed at our department. After further examinations of his specimens, EAM-2201 and α-PVP have been newly found in his lung. The concentrations of EAM-2201 have not been reported yet in any authentic human specimens although its existence (not quantified) in blood was reported in 2015. Therefore, a sensitive quantitation method of these compounds in blood and solid tissues has been devised using the sensitive instrument. The limits of detection of these compounds were in the range of 3-10 pg/ml with their quantification range of 10-1000 pg/ml in blood. The femoral vein blood levels of EAM-2201 and AB-PINACA were 56.6 ± 4.2 and 12.6 ± 0.1 pg/ml, respectively, and AB-FUBINACA could be detected but not quantifiable in the blood specimens; α-PVP could not be detected. The standard addition method was employed for the quantification of these compounds in the lung, liver and kidney specimens. The lung levels of EAM-2201, AB-PINACA, AB-FUBINACA and α-PVP were 348 ± 34, 355 ± 30, 124 ± 12 and 59.0 ± 7.4 pg/g, respectively. In conclusion, in this study, the concentrations of EAM-2201 in authentic human specimens including blood and solid tissues and those of AB-PINACA and AB-FUBINACA in solid tissue specimens were quantified for the first time to our knowledge.