Hemorrhagic Stroke and Cerebral Venous Thrombosis: Rare Neurological Sequelae of Chickenpox Infection.

Authors:
Anuradha Mehta
Anuradha Mehta
Lerner Research Institute
United States
Manoj Sharma
Manoj Sharma
Jackson State University
United States
Rupali Malik
Rupali Malik
VMMC and Safdarjang Hospital
Yogesh Chandra Porwal
Yogesh Chandra Porwal
VMMC and Safdarjung Hospital

Ann Indian Acad Neurol 2018 Jul-Sep;21(3):228-232

Department of Medicine, VMMC and Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, India.

Chickenpox (varicella) is primarily a disease of childhood which occurs due to infection with varicella-zoster virus (VZV). Primary VZV infection is rare in adults due to exposure in early childhood in our country. In adults, it is associated with some serious systemic and neurological complications which can follow both primary infection and reactivation of VZV. Neurological sequelae caused by primary VZV infection are rare and include encephalitis, aseptic meningitis, myelitis, acute cerebellar ataxia, Reye syndrome, Ramsay Hunt syndrome, and rarely stroke and cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT). VZV infection of cerebral vessels produces vasculopathy and hypercoagulable state, leading to complications such as stroke and CVT. We hereby report cases of two immunocompetent young adults who developed acute hemorrhagic infarction in the brain and CVT following chickenpox infection.

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Source
http://www.annalsofian.org/text.asp?2018/21/3/228/240428
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aian.AIAN_421_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6137630PMC
September 2018
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