Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Basis Dis 2018 11 18;1864(11):3585-3594. Epub 2018 Aug 18.
Instituto de Nutrición y Tecnología de los Alimentos (INTA), Universidad de Chile, Santiago 7830490, Chile; Center for Exercise, Metabolism and Cancer (CEMC), Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Chile, Santiago 8380492, Chile. Electronic address:
Obesity is a major current public health problem worldwide due to the severe co-morbid conditions that this disease entails. The development of obesity-related cardiometabolic disorders is in direct association with adipose tissue inflammation that leads to its functional impairment. Activation of the Calcium-Sensing Receptor (CaSR) in adipose tissue contributes to inflammation and adipose dysfunction. Autophagy, a process of cell component degradation, is closely related to inflammation in many diseases, however, whether autophagy is associated with CaSR-induced inflammation remains unknown. Using LS14 and SW872 preadipose cell lines as well as primary human preadipocytes, we show that CaSR activation with the allosteric activator cinacalcet induces autophagosome formation. Cinacalcet-induced LC3II content elevation was precluded by knockdown of the CaSR and enhanced by CaSR overexpression, indicating a specific effect. Autophagy inhibition using 3-methyladenine prevented CaSR-induced TNFα production, indicating that autophagy contributes to CaSR-induced inflammation in human preadipocytes. Our results suggest that modulation of CaSR-induced autophagy is an attractive target in obese inflamed adipose tissue, to prevent the development of diseases triggered by adipose dysfunction. We describe a novel mechanism and possible new target to modulate and prevent adipose inflammation and hence the resulting disease-generating adipose tissue dysfunction.