Analysis of smoking behaviour in patients with peritonsillar abscess: a prospective, matched case-control study.

Authors:
D Schwarz
D Schwarz
Institute of Veterinary Medicine
Germany

J Laryngol Otol 2018 Oct 13;132(10):872-874. Epub 2018 Sep 13.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery,Medical Faculty,University of Cologne,Germany.

Objective: Smoking is purported to increase the risk of peritonsillar abscess formation, but prospective data are needed to confirm this hypothesis. This prospective study aimed to identify this correlation.

Methods: Fifty-four patients with peritonsillar abscess were prospectively asked about their smoking behaviour using a questionnaire that was designed and approved by the Robert Koch Institute (Berlin, Germany) to analyse smoking behaviour in epidemiological studies. Afterwards, a consecutive control group (without peritonsillar abscess), matched in terms of age and gender, was surveyed using the same questionnaire. A classification of smoker, former smoker and non-smoker was made, and the numbers of pack-years were calculated and compared.

Results: Statistical analysis of both groups revealed a significant correlation between peritonsillar abscess and smoking experience (p = 0.025). Moreover, there were significantly fewer non-smokers in the non-peritonsillar abscess group (p = 0.04). The number of pack-years was higher in the peritonsillar abscess group (p = 0.037).

Conclusion: There is a statistically significant association between peritonsillar abscess and smoking.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022215118001585DOI Listing
October 2018
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Field et al.
2014

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