Few-layer bismuthene for ultrashort pulse generation in a dissipative system based on an evanescent field.

Nanoscale 2018 Sep;10(37):17617-17622

Shenzhen Key Laboratory of Two-Dimensional Materials and Devices/Shenzhen Engineering Laboratory of Phosphorene and Optoelectronics, Collaborative Innovation Center for Optoelectronic Science and Technology, Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Devices and Systems of Ministry of Education and Guangdong Province, Shenzhen, 518060, Guangdong, PR China.

Bismuthene has attracted a great deal of attention because of its unique electronic and optical properties. However, there are few reported applications of bismuthene in nonlinear optical applications. In this research, a dissipative soliton ytterbium-doped mode-locked fiber laser at 1 μm regime with a bismuthene saturable absorber (SA) by using evanescent field interaction for the first time is demonstrated. The nonlinear optical absorption of microfiber-based bismuthene SA is shown experimentally by using a homemade ultrafast fiber laser, whose saturation intensity and modulation depth are about 13 MW cm-2 and 2.2%, respectively. Relying on the excellent nonlinear optical property of the bismuthene SA, the typical dissipative solitons with a repetition rate of 21.74 MHz are generated at a center wavelength of 1034.4 nm. The time-bandwidth product of the pulse is about 23.07 with a pulse width of 30.25 ps. The results demonstrate that bismuthene is a good candidate for application in a 1 μm wave-breaking-free mode-locked fiber laser and nonlinear photonic components.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c8nr03068eDOI Listing
September 2018
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