Exploring Expressions of Depression in Black Single Mothers.

Authors:
Rahshida Atkins
Rahshida Atkins
The State University of New Jersey
United States
Dr. Paule V Joseph, PhD, RN, MS, FNP-BC, CTN-B
Dr. Paule V Joseph, PhD, RN, MS, FNP-BC, CTN-B
National Institute of Nursing Research
Tenure-Track Investigator (Clinical)
N/A
Bethesda , Maryland | United States
Shanda Johnson
Shanda Johnson
The State University of New Jersey
United States
Kafilat Ojo
Kafilat Ojo
e Harlem Hospital Center

Issues Ment Health Nurs 2018 Nov 11;39(11):935-945. Epub 2018 Sep 11.

a Rutgers The State University School of Nursing-Camden , Camden , New Jersey , USA.

Problem: This study investigates the experience of depression from the perspective of Black single mothers, an understudied diverse-sub-group who consistently report high levels of depressive symptoms that go undetected and untreated.

Participants: The sample consisted of 210 Black single mothers aged 18-45 who reside in urban communities.

Methods: A descriptive, cross-sectional design was used to categorize the responses of Black single mothers to an open-ended question that asks about feelings of depression according to the four domains of the Centers for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale. Percentages and frequencies were used to describe the results of the analysis.

Findings: The 303 usable responses were most consistent with the depressed affect domain (N = 172), followed by somatic activity (N = 108), interpersonal symptoms (N = 21), and lack of positive affect (N = 2). The most prevalent raw responses included sadness (N = 59), forms of anger (N = 48), depressed (N = 24), cry (N = 23), do not want to be around people (N = 21), lonely (N = 17), tired (N = 16), and stressed (N = 12).

Conclusions/implications: Consider culture and individualized assessments to explore feelings of anger and sadness when screening for depressive symptoms in specific sub-groups of Black single mothers. Consider the use of appropriate screening tools.

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Source
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/01612840.2018.1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01612840.2018.1466942DOI Listing
November 2018
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References

(Supplied by CrossRef)

American Psychological Association (APA) et al.
2010
Article in Journal of Mental Health in Family Medicine
Atkins R et al.
Journal of Mental Health in Family Medicine 2010

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