Tropical peatland carbon storage linked to global latitudinal trends in peat recalcitrance.

Nat Commun 2018 09 7;9(1):3640. Epub 2018 Sep 7.

Department of Earth, Ocean, and Atmospheric Science, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL, 32306, USA.

Peatlands represent large terrestrial carbon banks. Given that most peat accumulates in boreal regions, where low temperatures and water saturation preserve organic matter, the existence of peat in (sub)tropical regions remains enigmatic. Here we examined peat and plant chemistry across a latitudinal transect from the Arctic to the tropics. Near-surface low-latitude peat has lower carbohydrate and greater aromatic content than near-surface high-latitude peat, creating a reduced oxidation state and resulting recalcitrance. This recalcitrance allows peat to persist in the (sub)tropics despite warm temperatures. Because we observed similar declines in carbohydrate content with depth in high-latitude peat, our data explain recent field-scale deep peat warming experiments in which catotelm (deeper) peat remained stable despite temperature increases up to 9 °C. We suggest that high-latitude deep peat reservoirs may be stabilized in the face of climate change by their ultimately lower carbohydrate and higher aromatic composition, similar to tropical peats.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-06050-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6128871PMC
September 2018
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