J Neuroimmunol 2018 Nov 27;324:129-135. Epub 2018 Aug 27.
University of Milan, Dino Ferrari Center, Milan, Italy; Fondazione IRCCS Cà Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Neurodegenerative Diseases Unit, Milan, Italy. Electronic address:
LncRNA PCR arrays containing 90 common LncRNAs were used to screen lncRNA expression levels in PBMC from a discovery population of patients with MS. Data from discovery and replications cohorts showed a generalized dysregulation of lncRNA levels in MS patients compared with controls. MALAT1, MEG9, NRON, ANRIL, TUG1, XIST, SOX2OT, GOMAFU, HULC, BACE-1AS were significantly downregulated in MS patients in comparison with controls. Therefore, we performed a validation analysis in an independent cohort of Belgian origin. In this study, NRON and TUG1 downregulations in MS patients compared with controls were confirmed (p ≤ .05 and p ≤ .0001 respectively), whereas considering the other lncRNAs, the statistical threshold was not reached. LncRNAs profiling could thus represent a new challenge in the research of easy detectable biomarkers of disease susceptibility and progression.