Nucleic Acids Res 2018 09;46(15):7522-7532
Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences, State Key Laboratory for Structural Chemistry of Unstable and Stable Species, CAS Research/Education Center for Excellence in Molecular Sciences, Institute of Chemistry Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, P.R. China.
G-quadruplex DNA has been viewed as a prospective anti-cancer target owing to its potential biological relevance. Real-time monitoring of DNA G-quadruplex structures in living cells can provide valuable insights into the relationship between G-quadruplex formation and its cellular consequences. However, the probes capable of detecting DNA G-quadruplexes in living cells are still very limited. Herein, we reported a new fluorescent probe, IMT, for real-time visualization of DNA G-quadruplex structures in living cells. Using IMT as a fluorescent indicator, the quantity changes of DNA G-quadruplex at different points in time during continuous cellular progression responding to Aphidicolin and Hydroxyurea treatment have been directly visualized. Our data demonstrate that IMT will be a valuable tool for exploring DNA G-quadruplexes in live cells. Further application of IMT in fluorescence imaging may reveal more information on the roles of DNA G-quadruplexes in biological systems.