Knowledge of mental health legislation in Ghana: a case of the use of certificate of urgency in mental health care.

Authors:
Reindolf Anokye
Reindolf Anokye
Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology
Ghana
Ernest Appiah Kyei
Ernest Appiah Kyei
Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology
Kumasi | Ghana

Int J Ment Health Syst 2018 28;12:37. Epub 2018 Jun 28.

1Centre for Disability and Rehabilitation Studies, Department of Community Health, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana.

Introduction: Mental illness can affect anyone irrespective of race, gender or personal characteristics. The study sought to investigate health workers' Knowledge on Mental Health Legislation in Ghana focusing on the Certificate of Urgency.

Methods: A descriptive study design was employed for this study. The study population included medical doctors, physician assistants, and nurses/midwives. A simple random sampling technique was used to select 384 respondents for the study. Data was collected through the use of semi-structured questionnaires.

Results: Respondents who were psychiatrists were 9.56 times more knowledgeable in the use of Certificate of Urgency than those in other specialties like primary care, obstetrics and gynaecology, surgery and internal medicine; adjusted odds ratio (AOR) = 9.56 [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.57-65.2]. Respondents who had used the Certificate of Urgency before had 4.7 times more knowledge as compared to those who had not used it at all; adjusted odds ratio (AOR) = 4.77 [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.021-14.01].

Conclusion: Knowledge of Certificate of Urgency was generally low. Authorities of the various hospitals should organize regular in-service training to enlighten all healthcare workers on the legislation governing mental healthcare in Ghana.

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Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13033-018-0215-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6025734PMC
June 2018
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