Huan Jing Ke Xue 2017 Feb;38(2):703-710
School of Civil Engineering, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044, China.
The concentration level of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAHs) in topsoil from Shenfu New City in urbanization was studied. 54 topsoil samples were collected from Shenfu New City and 4 different land uses (urban land, rural land, forest land, cultivated land) were included. The concentration of PAHs in different land uses was analyzed, the sources of soil PAHs were analyzed by using diagnostic ratios and principal component analysis, and the ecological risks were calculated using toxic equivalency concentrations of BaP and the incremental lifetime cancer risk(ILCR)model. Results indicated that the concentrations of ∑PAHs in urban land, cultivated land, rural land and forest land were in the range of 184-18276, 230-14102, 151-3205, 303-2980 μg·kg, respectively. Four land uses had similar sources, the main sources were coal combustion and traffic emission. According to the calculation of ecological risks, there were potential health risks for residents in Shenfu New City, especially urban land, meanwhile, residents were easily exposed to soil PAHs through dermal contact.