Lancet Infect Dis 2021 Feb 16. Epub 2021 Feb 16.
Faculty of Medicine, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany; Cologne Excellence Cluster on Cellular Stress Responses in Aging-Associated Diseases, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany; Clinical Trials Center Cologne, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany; German Centre for Infection Research, partner site Bonn-Cologne, Cologne, Germany; European Confederation of Medical Mycology Council, Basel, Switzerland.
With increasing numbers of patients needing intensive care or who are immunosuppressed, infections caused by moulds other than Aspergillus spp or Mucorales are increasing. Although antifungal prophylaxis has shown effectiveness in preventing many invasive fungal infections, selective pressure has caused an increase of breakthrough infections caused by Fusarium, Lomentospora, and Scedosporium species, as well as by dematiaceous moulds, Rasamsonia, Schizophyllum, Scopulariopsis, Paecilomyces, Penicillium, Talaromyces and Purpureocillium species. Guidance on the complex multidisciplinary management of infections caused by these pathogens has the potential to improve prognosis. Read More