Background: The lack of pathogen-protective, isotype-switched antibodies in patients with common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) suggests germinal center (GC) hypoplasia, yet a subset of patients with CVID is paradoxically affected by autoantibody-mediated autoimmune cytopenias (AICs) and lymphadenopathy.Objective: We sought to compare the physical characteristics and immunologic output of GC responses in patients with CVID with AIC (CVID+AIC) and without AIC (CVID-AIC).Methods: We analyzed GC size and shape in excisional lymph node biopsy specimens from 14 patients with CVID+AIC and 4 patients with CVID-AIC. Using paired peripheral blood samples, we determined how AICs specifically affected B-and T-cell compartments and antibody responses in patients with CVID.Results: We found that patients with CVID+AIC displayed irregularly shaped hyperplastic GCs, whereas GCs were scarce and small in patients with CVID-AIC. GC hyperplasia was also evidenced by an increase in numbers of circulating follicular helper T cells, which correlated with decreased regulatory T-cell frequencies and function. In addition, patients with CVID+AIC had serum endotoxemia associated with a dearth of isotype-switched memory B cells that displayed significantly lower somatic hypermutation frequencies than their counterparts with CVID-AIC. Moreover, IgG B cells from patients with CVID+AIC expressed VH4-34-encoded antibodies with unmutated Ala-Val-Tyr and Asn-His-Ser motifs, which recognize both erythrocyte I/i self-antigens and commensal bacteria.Conclusions: Patients with CVID+AIC do not contain mucosal microbiota and exhibit hyperplastic yet inefficient GC responses that favor the production of untolerized IgG B-cell clones that recognize both commensal bacteria and hematopoietic I/i self-antigens.