Vaccination: Rural vs Urban

Xinyi Zhang, Zerin Imam Syeda, Zhengyue Jing, Qiongqiong Xu, Long Sun, Lingzhong Xu, Chengchao Zhou

Overview

It is the paper to find out the type ll vaccine intake among the children of rural and urban areas.

Summary

We can find out the difference and cause of the difference in rural and urban areas for type ll vaccine intake.

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Rural-urban disparity in category II vaccination among children under five years of age: evidence from a survey in Shandong, China.

Authors:
Dr. Zerin Imam Syeda, BDS, MPH
Dr. Zerin Imam Syeda, BDS, MPH
Shandong Medical University
Doctoral Candidate
Oral Medicine, Paedodontics, Geriatric Dentistry, Periodontology, LASER, Reproductive and Child Health, Biostatistics,
Jinan, Shandong | China

Int J Equity Health 2018 Jun 22;17(1):87. Epub 2018 Jun 22.

School of Public Health, Shandong University, Jinan, 250012, China.

Background: Compared with the Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI) vaccines, the coverage rate of the non-EPI vaccines is still low. The aim of this study is to explore the rural-urban disparity in category II vaccine and its determinants among children under 5 years old in China.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 17 cities in Shandong province from August to October, 2013. A total of 1638 children were included in the analysis. Unadjusted and adjusted regression model were used to identify the rural-urban difference in vaccination of category II vaccine. Multivariate logistic regression models were employed to analyze the determinants associated with vaccination of category II vaccine in rural and urban areas respectively.

Results: The coverage rates of category II vaccine in rural and urban children were 81.5 and 69.4% respectively. Factors including age and satisfaction with vaccination services were associated with category II vaccination both in rural and urban children (Ρ < 0.05). It was also found that the households with four or less members are more likely to vaccinate category II vaccine in rural children.

Conclusions: There was a big difference between rural and urban children in the use of category II vaccine. The government should strengthen financial support and regulation for the category II vaccine. The identified at-risk factors, including age, satisfaction with the vaccination services, and family size should be taken into account when designing targeted vaccination policies for rural and urban children.

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Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12939-018-0802-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6013881PMC
June 2018
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