Oncotarget 2018 May 2;9(39):25414-25426. Epub 2016 Aug 2.
Cancer Center, Research Institute of Surgery, Daping Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, 400042, P.R. China.
Radiotherapy in osteosarcoma patients is problematic due to radioresistance; therefore, understanding the mechanism of radioresistance is integral to providing effective radiotherapeutic regimens for osteosarcoma. We now report the activity of an miRNA, miR-513a-5p, in stimulating radiosensitivity of osteosarcoma cells and . MiR-513a-5p expression is decreased in osteosarcoma tissue from patients and cultured osteosarcoma cell lines. However, exogenous re-expression of this miRNA in osteosarcoma cell lines, including HOS, U2OS and 9901, can induce sensitization to ionizing radiation. We also confirm that miR-513a-5p suppresses APE1 expression, and that both the redox and DNA repair activity of APE1 were decreased in miR-513a-5p expressing cell lines. By suppressing APE1, miR-513a-5p induces the DNA damage response which stimulates apoptosis after irradiation. Our report establishes miR-513a-5p as a radiosensitizing miRNA and identifies its activity in the suppression of APE1, which could directly lead to radiosensitization.