Front Microbiol 2018 8;9:878. Epub 2018 May 8.
Department of Applied and Molecular Microbiology, Institute of Biotechnology, Technische Universität Berlin, Berlin, Germany.
In filamentous fungi, growth and protein secretion occurs predominantly at the tip of long, thread like cells termed hyphae. This requires coordinated regulation of multiple processes, including vesicle trafficking, exocytosis, and endocytosis, which are facilitated by a complex cytoskeletal apparatus. In this study, functional analyses of the small GTPase ArfA from demonstrate that this protein functionally complements the , and that this protein is essential for . Loss-of-function and gain-of-function analyses demonstrate that titration of expression impacts hyphal growth rate, hyphal tip morphology, and protein secretion. Moreover, localization of the endocytic machinery, visualized via fluorescent tagging of the actin ring, was found to be abnormal in ArfA under- and overexpressed conditions. Finally, we provide evidence that the major secreted protein GlaA localizes at septal junctions, indicating that secretion in may occur at these loci, and that this process is likely impacted by expression levels. Taken together, our results demonstrate that ArfA fulfills multiple functions in the secretory pathway of .