New Phytol 2018 09 4;219(4):1194-1198. Epub 2018 Jun 4.
Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, 50829, Cologne, Germany.
Contents Summary 1194 I. Introduction 1194 II. Origin of the A. thaliana species 1194 III. The classic model of the history of A. thaliana 1195 IV. New genomic data from outside Eurasia challenge our view of A. thaliana history 1195 V. Conclusions 1197 Acknowledgements 1197 References 1197 SUMMARY: Natural variation in Arabidopsis thaliana has contributed to discoveries in diverse areas of plant biology. While A. thaliana has typically been considered a weed associated primarily with human-mediated environments, including agricultural and urban sites and railways, it has recently been shown that it is also native in remote natural areas, including high altitude sites in Eurasia and Africa, from the Atlas mountains in Morocco to the afro-alpine regions in Eastern and South Africa to Yunnan in China, the Himalayas and the Tibetan Plateau. This finding suggests that while A. thaliana has been extensively studied in Europe and Western Asia there are still many open questions about its population history, genotype-phenotype relationships and mechanisms of adaptation.