Acta Biomater 2018 07 31;75:413-426. Epub 2018 May 31.
State Key Laboratory of Natural Medicines, Department of Pharmaceutics, China Pharmaceutical University, 24 Tongjiaxiang, Nanjing 210009, China. Electronic address:
Sorafenib (So) is a multi-target kinase inhibitor extensively used in clinic for hepatocellular carcinoma therapy. It demonstrated strong inhibition both in tumor proliferation and tumor angiogenesis, while hampered by associated cutaneous side-effect and drug resistance. The knockdown of miR-21 with antisense oligonucleotides (antimiRNA21) was regarded as an efficient strategy for increasing tumor sensibility to chemotherapy, which could be employed to appreciate the efficacy of So. Herein, we successfully formulated a dual-targeting delivery system for enhanced hepatocellular carcinoma therapy by encapsulating So and antimiRNA21 in RGD pentapeptide-modified reconstituted high-density lipoprotein (RGD-rHDL/So/antimiRNA21). The RGD and apolipoprotein A-I (ApoA-I) on nanoparticles (NPs) could drive the system simultaneously to tumor neovascular and parenchyma by binding to the overexpressed ανβ3-integrin and SR-B1 receptors, achieving precise delivery of therapeutics to maximize the efficacy. A series in vitro and in vivo experiments revealed that co-delivery of So and antimiRNA21 by RGD-rHDL significantly strengthened the anti-tumor and anti-angiogenic effect of So with negligible toxicity towards major organs, reversed drug-resistance and was capable of remodeling tumor environments. The constructed RGD-rHDL/So/antimiRNA21 with improved efficacy and excellent tumor targeting ability provided new idea for chemo-gene combined therapy in hepatocellular carcinoma.
Statement Of Significance: Sorafenib (So) is a multi-target kinase inhibitor which was approved by FDA as first-line drug for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) therapy. However, long term application of So in clinic was hampered by serious dermal toxicity and drug resistance. Although numerous researchers were devoted to finding alternatives or therapies as combination treatments with So to reach more desired therapeutic efficacy, the therapeutic options were still limited. The present study prepares RGD pentapeptide decorated biomimic reconstituted high-density lipoprotein (rHDL) loaded with So and antimiRNA21 (RGD-rHDL/So/antimiRNA21) for enhanced HCC therapy. The RGD-rHDL/So/antimiRNA21 NPs offer an effective platform for anti-tumor and anti-angiogenesis therapy in HCC and provide new approach to reverse drug-resistance of So for feasible clinical application.