Eur J Haematol 2018 Sep 3;101(3):326-331. Epub 2018 Aug 3.
Third Medical Department for Hematology and Oncology, Hanusch Krankenhaus Wien, Vienna, Austria.
Background: Autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) following BEAM (BCNU, etoposide, cytarabine, melphalan) conditioning is standard of care in relapsed low- and high-grade B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and other lymphoproliferative disorders, but BCNU is associated with interstitial pneumonia and an increased mortality. A less toxic regimen might improve the outcome of patients with lymphoma after transplantation.
Objectives: We investigated the role of bendamustine replacing BCNU in the BEAM regimen in patients with lymphoma undergoing ASCT.
Patients/methods: The conditioning regimen BendaEAM consisted of bendamustine, cytarabine, etoposide, and melphalan and was used in patients with Hodgkin's disease (HD) and Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL).
Results: Forty-one patients with HD (n = 9) or NHL (n = 32) were consecutively treated with Benda-BEAM replacing BCNU. No pulmonary or renal toxicities occurred, and no patient died related to transplant. After a median follow-up of 55 months, CR rate was 56%, 18 patients (44%) showed progression after a median time of 7 months after transplantation (range: 2-29 months), and 11 patients (24%) have died, all due to lymphoma progression. The 1-, 2-, and 4-year PFS are 73.2%, 58.6%, and 55.6% and the 1-, 2-, and 4-year OS 85.4%, 78.0%, and 72.6%, respectively.
Conclusion: BendaEAM seems to be feasible with a promising response rate and acceptable toxicity.