Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2017 Aug;31(16):1284-1287
Department of Otology and Skull Base Surgery, Eye Ear Nose and Throat Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai.
The study aims to assess the effect of tympanoplasty without mastoidectomy for the middle ear under different infected states.One hundred and thirteen cases (113 ears) with chronic otitis media (COM) received tympanoplasty without mastoidectomy. All the patients were found inflammatory proliferative lesions in the mastoid and tympanic antrum via CT scan before surgery and were followed up over 1 year. The patients were placed into the infected ear group (72 ears) and uninfected ear group (41 ears) according to the infective condition. We used SPSS statistical software to analyze the efficacy.Of 113 cases, 92 ears had dry ear canals in 1/2 to 1 month after surgery, and the negative air pressure in the tympanum gradually disappeared in 3-6 months after surgery. Of the 72 ears in the infected ear group, 69 ears had postoperative dry ears, and a large amount of intraoperative purulent secretion was seen in the tympanum in 4 cases, which all had dry ear canals. Three cases had relapse, for a dry ear canal rate of 95.8%. Three ears showed dry tympanic membrane perforations, and effective ears with air-bone conduction differences smaller than or equal to 20 dB accounted for 51.4% of cases. Of the 41 ears in the uninfected group, 40 ears had postoperative dry ears, 1 case had relapse, for a dry ear canal rate of 97.6%. Two ears showed dry tympanic membrane perforations. Effective ears with air-bone conduction differences smaller than or equal to 20 dB accounted for 48.8% of cases. No case of facial paralysis, dizziness, formation of invaginations of the tympanic membrane and cholesteatoma were seen in the patients included in this study during the follow-up visits.Whether there are inflammatory proliferative lesions in the mastoidor not, tympanoplasty without mastoidectomy is feasible for chronic active otitis media. Moreover, different infection statuses of the middle ear do not cause difference in the postoperative relapse rate and hearing improvement.